Hernias occur when a muscle or tissue in the body is torn, making certain parts of the insides bulge out or protrude. The bulge may be the intestines or other internal organs. Some hernias are visible depending on their size or location. It can worsen when performing specific activities like lifting heavy items or even bending.
Hernias generally happen in the groin area. This type of hernia is called inguinal hernia that is more common among men. Femoral hernias are not as common and typically affects females. They are usually found on the upper part of the thigh close to the groin area. Ventral hernias are those that occur on the abdomen’s mid-area. Babies may also experience umbilical hernias associated with the mother’s belly button. Most people with hernias in the London are opt for hernia surgery in London to reduce the risk of worsening and causing more significant problems. A strangulated hernia is caused by a hernia trapped on the outer side of the abdominal wall. When this happens, the blood supply is cut off from the hernia, resulting in bowel obstruction requiring a surgical procedure.
Causes of hernia
Both an inguinal and femoral hernia result from weakened muscles. They could have already been there since birth. They are also linked to ageing and persistent strains on the abdominal area or the groin. These strains may result from daily work-related activities, being overweight, pregnant, or long periods of coughing. An umbilical hernia can happen to an overweight adult, or one who has just given birth or coughs excessively. The strain may also be due to constipation, as you exert undue effort on bowel movements. A hernia can also be something you have had since birth, a defect that may or may not be detected early. When the diaphragm does not form the way it should, the stomach can get closer to the chest. When this happens, the stomach could push through the lungs and the heart. In this case, it is the best decision to visit a hernia surgeon in London as soon as possible.
Symptoms may not display themselves when you have hernia. It will all depend on what type you have. Among the more common signs is the bulge that appears visibly on the affected area of your body. Some people experience other symptoms such as sharp and shooting pain, heartburn, constipation, vomiting. They may also experience coughing and have difficulty swallowing. A soft hernia or one you cannot push back in requires emergency attention. You would want to consider consulting with professionals from hernia repair London clinics to handle the situation. Without medical intervention, hernia can cause infections, blockages, and strangulation on the organs and other tissues.
While hernia cannot be avoided entirely, especially congenital ones, you can still reduce the risk. You can do this by eating balanced meals, losing excess weight, avoiding smoking, limiting your alcohol intake, and taking it easy on spicy food. It would also be best to refrain from lifting heavy objects. Much like other health issues, a healthy lifestyle improves your condition. Surgery is your best alternative if you have a hernia that does not improve.